The Construction Project Safety Plan is specific to each project. A construction project is divided into three distinct phases; Pre-construction, Construction, and Close-out. Each phase is comprised of sub-phases but arguably all of these sub-phases can be categorized under Pre-construction, Construction, and Close-out. After developing and implementing a company safety program the Project Safety Plan (PSP) or Site Specific Safety Plan (SSSP or 3SP) is the second most critical aspect of a safe construction project. Many of the aspects of the PSP will exceed regulatory compliance requirements. It may be tempting to some to skip the first step and only implement PSP’s as needed. Avoid this as a solid company program is needed to support project safety.
Use the resources below to begin building your Project Safety Plan.
Pre-construction services are used in planning a construction project before the actual construction begins. These services are often referred to as preconstruction or precon. The Project Safety Plan (PSP) or Site Specific Safety Plan (SSSP or 3SP) should start in pre-construction. Construction industry professionals should look at the request for proposal (RFP) to determine what hazards will be associated with the scope of work. Look for opportunities to Integrating Technology into the project, auditing apps, wall mounted screens for orientation and meetings. Consider a project specific Wellness program, even something as simple as morning stretch and flex. The RFP is an appropriate time to consider enrolling the project in an Owner/Contractor Controlled Insurance Program. Speak with your insurance provider about wrap-up programs. Consider what Safety Staff you will need onsite to manage project safety. Develop our PSP or SSSP and include it in your contracts as an exhibit. Include safety in your Pre-Bid/Construction Meeting with the owner, designer, construction manager, general contractor, and specialty trade contractor.
The Construction phase of the project is where the plan is implemented. The first step is the Project Safety Start-up, ensuring foreseeable hazards have controls in place and all equipment needed for safety is on deck. Establishing Public Protection with a perimeter fence and protected walkways as needed. This include posting signs and rerouting traffic patterns, both vehicles and pedestrians. An initial Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) should be conducted during the development of the Construction Project Safety Plan. This process should be repeated prior to the mobilization and or start of each contractor, phase and or major task on the project. The PSP and JHA may identify special Training that is needed. Prior to commencement of any work a project specific Orientation should be conducted. Substance Abuse prevention program that includes onsite random drug testing is an integral part of project safety. At a minimum substance abuse testing should be required prior to mobilization to the project and verified at Orientation. Daily Pre-task planning that includes safety keeps safety at the four front and integrated with production. Additionally a Training schedule based on the scope of work, construction master and look-a-head schedule should be developed and implemented during the construction phase. Daily documented Inspections by a competent person must take place. Key Performance Indicators should be developed and measured, like the adage says, “If you are not measuring you are not managing.” A Reward and Recognition program that is passed on KPI performance and observed safe behaviors promotes a positive safety attitude on projects. Review and hold at least one drill on Emergency Management procedures. Select an occupational clinic in the area and coordinate a Return to Work program to prevent injured employees from being lost in the system and to control loss from claims. Finally audit the Environmental Management program as needed, including SWPP plans, hazardous waste documentation etc.
Often over looked by safety professionals, a solid PSP encompasses project close-out. Develop a plan for Commissioning & Turn Over to the client. Include a JHA and safe procedures for operating equipment. Address safety concerns and procedures for Warrantee work that may be needed well after demobilization. Set up a Records & Retention policy that stores records for a minimum of 5 years. Note some records maybe needed for much longer consult an attorney for exact record retention requiremetns.